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Monday, 20 July 2015

Copan - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Copan
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Honduras
Period:    Maya
Sub-Region:    -
Date:    300AD - 399AD
City/Town:    Copan
Figure:     -
Resorts:
    Copan, 

Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala. It was the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to 9th centuries AD. The city was located in the extreme southeast of the Mesoamerican cultural region, on the frontier with the Isthmo-Colombian cultural region, and was almost surrounded by non-Maya peoples. In this fertile valley now lies a city of about 3000, a small airport, and a winding road.
Copán was occupied for more than two thousand years, from the Early Preclassic period to the Postclassic. The city developed a distinctive sculptural style within the tradition of the lowland Maya, perhaps to emphasize the Maya ethnicity of the city's rulers.
The city has a historical record that spans the greater part of the Classic period and has been reconstructed in detail by archaeologists and epigraphers. Copán was a powerful city ruling a vast kingdom within the southern Maya area. The city suffered a major political disaster in AD 738 when Uaxaclajuun Ub'aah K'awiil, one of the greatest kings in Copán's dynastic history, was captured and executed by his former vassal, the king of Quiriguá. This unexpected defeat resulted in a 17-year hiatus at the city, during which time Copán may have been subject to Quiriguá in a reversal of fortunes.
A significant portion of the eastern side of the acropolis has been eroded away by the Copán River, although the river has since been diverted in order to protect the site from further damage


 One of two simian sculptures on Temple 11, possibly representing Howler Monkey Gods.

Location of Copán

 The West Court of Copán

Stela H at Copán, commissioned by Uaxaclajuun Ub'aah K'awiil

 Ceramic lid shaped to represent K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo', recovered from the tomb of the 7th-century king Smoke Imix, under Temple 26

 Stela 63, probably dating to the reign of K'inich Popol Hol


 Stela H detail, depicting king Uaxaclajuun Ub'aah K'awiil

 Stela N, depicting K'ak' Yipyaj Chan K'awiil

 Map of the center of Copán

 Stela M and the Hieroglyphic Stairway

 Life-size reconstruction of the Rosalila temple at the site museum of Copán

 The interior doorway of Structure 10L-22

 The final version of the ballcourt was dedicated by Uaxaclajuun Ub'aah K'awiil in AD 738

Altar Q depicts 16 kings in the dynastic succession of the city


Stela P, depicting K'ak' Chan Yopaat
Copan history
Copan (spelt Copán), near the town of Copan Ruinas in Honduras is an archaeological site housing the ruins of a major Maya settlement which was probably the most influential city in the south eastern area occupied by this civilisation.
Copan is thought to have been inhabited as early as 2000 BC, despite the fact that there is sparse evidence to this effect. It was certainly at its peak between 300 AD and 900 AD.
In the eighth century AD, Copan experienced a significant military defeat when its leader was beheaded by the rulers of the city of Quirigua in what is now Guatemala. It was abandoned in the tenth century, probably due to the land becoming unsuitable for crop growing.
The cultural, social and ceremonial significance of Copan has been confirmed by UNESCO, who listed it as a World Heritage site in 1980. Amongst other things, UNESCO cites the fact that Copan was the site of great advances in astronomy and mathematics.
Today, visitors to Copan can see its many incredible structures, which also rank highly amongst the reasons for its UNESCO status. Containing five main plazas, an acropolis, numerous temples, terraces, pyramids and dwellings, one cannot fail to be impressed by Copan. Incredible glyphs adorn its staircases, structures, temples and altars, with depictions of animals and human faces.
There is a nearby sculpture museum which explores the Maya culture and artwork.

Thursday, 25 June 2015

Conimbriga - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Conimbriga
Continent:    EUROPE
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Portugal
Period:    Ancient Rome
Sub-Region:    Southern Europe
Date:    100BC - 1BC
City/Town:    Condeixa a Nova
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Condeixa a Nova,

 A view of the ruins of the Roman settlement of Conímbriga

 The interior of the Casa dos Repuxos.

A view of the forum section at Conímbriga.
 A view of the Monographic Museum at Conímbriga.

 Sections of a residential domus with water gardens.

 An arched section of the aqueduct in one of the alleyways.

 The "skeleton" of the thermal baths.

 Votive and ceremonial structures.

 A maquette of the conceived layout of the forum at Conímbriga

The exposed ruins and the gazebo protecting the Casa dos Repuxos.




Conimbriga history
Conimbriga is probably Portugal’s best-preserved Ancient Roman archaeological site, although it has a history stretching back to the Iron Age. In fact, while the Romans arrived at Conimbriga in the late first century BC, the settlement had been inhabited since the ninth century BC.
Whilst almost certainly not the biggest of Portugal’s Roman cities (although it is yet to all be excavated), Conimbriga thrived under the Romans, the results of which can be seen in its ruins. It was only when Conimbriga was attacked in the fifth century that the Romans abandoned the area.
Things to see at Conimbriga include the remains of houses and public buildings, some quite impressive walls, a road, public baths including their heating systems and some mosaics. There’s also a small museum of finds.
For a sneak peek, the Conimbriga website has a fun virtual tour of the site. Conimbriga also features as one of our best visitor attractions in Portugal.

Friday, 12 June 2015

Cobá - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Cobá
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Mexico
Period:    Maya
Sub-Region:    -
Date:    600AD - 699AD
City/Town:    Coba
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Cancun,



 Coba Archeological Area

 Map of the Cobá archeological site

 Front view of the pyramid structure known as "La Iglesia" in the Group B, or Cobá Group, complex. Stela 11 is in the foreground at the base of the pyramid's steps, under the thatched roofing.








Cobá history
Cobá in Quintana Roo in Mexico houses the remains of a once vast city that developed in around 632 AD and peaked between 800 and 1100 AD. Whilst it is thought that Cobá originally spanned a massive 60 square kilometres, the current archaeological site has yet to uncover all its remains. What can be viewed is spread into four sections, named Grupo Cobá, Chumuc Mul, Macanxoc and Nohoch Mul.
Grupo Cobá contains a large holy pyramid called the Temple of the Church, translated as “La Iglesia”. Nearby, along a worn path is a playing field used to play ball games, signposted as “juego de pelota”.
The most impressive site at Cobá is its Great Pyramid, also known as the Nohoch Mul Pyramid. Rising to a height of 138 feet, the Great Pyramid is the second tallest of all Maya pyramids in the region after Estructura II at Calakmul. Climbing the steep stairs of this pyramid can be daunting, but the views are great.

Tuesday, 9 June 2015

Citania de Briteiros - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Citania de Briteiros
Continent:    EUROPE
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Portugal
Period:    Iron Age
Sub-Region:    Southern Europe
Date:    200BC - 101BC
City/Town:    Guimaraes
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Guimaraes,

 View of the Citânia de Briteiros, showing house ruins and stone paving

 Citânia de Briteiros during an 1877 archaeological campaign

 Castro houses reconstructed by Martins Sarmento at the Citânia de Briteiros

 Panorama of the hill of the Citânia de Briteiros, view from the south

The Pedra Formosa from the baths of the Citânia de Briteiros



Citania de Briteiros history
Citania de Briteiros is a Portuguese archaeological site containing the ruins of an ancient settlement. In fact, dating back to the second century BC, Citania de Briteiros was home to a people known as part of the castro culture, named as such because the high areas on which they settled where known as "castros".
Today, visitors can see the remains of Citania de Briteiros Iron Age hillfort, circular homes and a cremation furnace. There’s also a small exhibition of excavated finds.

Monday, 1 June 2015

Choquequirao - Tour of Ancient world

Name:   Choquequirao
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Peru
Period:    Inca
Sub-Region:    South America
Date:    1400AD - 1499AD
City/Town:    Cachora
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Cuzco,

 Truncated hill top at Choquequirao

 Terraces at Choquequirao

 Main structures of Choquequirao

 White stone llama in the terraces of Choquequirao

White stone llama in the terraces of Choquequirao


Choquequirao history
Choquequirao is a little known Incan city in the south of Peru which may well have served as the final stronghold of the Incan civilisation.
Similar in design and architechture to the far better known Machu Picchu, Choquequirao is almost devoid of tourist due to its isolated position.
Built in the late 15th century and expanded over the next century Choquequirao is believed to have served as an administrative hub for the region, as well as providing a local military centre.
In the 16th century, as the Incan Empire was gripped by civil war and then rocked by the arrival of the Conquistadors, Choquequirao - in the Vilcabamaba region - was used as a refuge by Inca forces fleeing the siege of Cuzco.
After the eventual defeat of the last of the Incan forces in 1572 the city was lost from record until European explorers came across Choquequirao in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Today, the ruins of Choquequirao still contain impressive sites but its isolated position means it is a difficult spot to access. A two-day hike from the nearest village has ensured that only the most committed of travellers explore these remains.
However, for better or worse, facilities in the area are improving and the Peruvian government are considering ways to improve access to the site. Choquequirao features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions of Peru.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015

Chichen Itza - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Chichen Itza
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Mexico
Period:    Maya
Sub-Region:    -
Date:    500AD - 599AD
City/Town:    Chichen-Itza
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Chichen-Itza, Merida, Cancun,


Chichen Itza history
Stunningly well-preserved and imposingly beautiful, Chichen Itza is one of Mexico’s most impressive historical sites.
A UNESCO World Heritage site based in the forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Chichen Itza is actually made up of two cities built by two peoples, the Mayas and the Toltecs.
The site is made up of several surviving buildings including a circular observatory known as El Caracol, the Warriors’ Temple and El Castillo. Accounts vary as to the date of the first settlement at Chichen Itza, placing it between the 6th and 9th century AD when the Mayas built the original city including “The Building of the Nuns” and a church.
Chichen Itza was conquered by the Toltec King of Tula in the 10th century AD, accounting for the fusion in Maya and Toltec influences.
Chichen Itza also features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Mexico.

Pics of  Chichen Itza....

 El Castillo dominates the center of the Chichen Itza archaeological site.

 Feathered serpent sculpture at the base of one of the stairways of El Castillo

 Columns in the Temple of a Thousand Warriors

 The Jaguar Throne, inside the "El Castillo" pyramid


 The Castillo Temple, photograph by Teobert Maler, 1892.

 Excavations next to El Castillo began in 2009

 The serpent effect demonstrated during the night show with artificial lighting.

 The serpent effect observed during the 2009 spring equinox.

 Great Ball Court

 The tzompantli or Skull Platform

 The Temple of the Big Tables

 Cenote Sagrado

 Templo de los Guerreros (Temple of the Warriors)

 Detail of Temple of the Warriors showing Chac Mool.

 Osario.

 Osario staircase

 "La Iglesia" in the Las Monjas complex

 "El Caracol" observatory temple

 Composite Laser scan image of Chichen Itza's Cave of Balankanche, showing how the shape of its great limestone column is strongly evocative of the World Tree in Maya mythological belief systems. Data from a National Science Foundation/CyArk research partnership

Painting of a relief, lower terrace columns, Temple of the Warriors, by Octavio Medellin (1907 – 1999), 1938. Artists have been attracted to Chichen Itza since its rediscovery.
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